6 0 obj Storage. Flush the exposed area immediately to decrease injury caused by the anhydrous ammonia coming in contact with skin or clothes. May cause burns or irritation of the linings of Rescue workers will contact a hazardous materials (HAZMAT) disposal team if HAZMAT services are needed at the scene. Anhydrous ammonia is classified as a hazardous substance, although few problems occur when it is properly handled and applied as intended. $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? Anhydrous ammonia is a hygroscopic compound, meaning that it takes up water from the nearest source, which can include the human body—especially the eyes, lungs, and skin because of their high moisture content. AMMONIA ANHYDROUS CAS No. container of clean water. Allow only certified welders to perform welding on the tank. Workers in all industries should know that, despite its common usage, ammonia poses health risks and hazards that require proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and safe use and handling procedures. ANHYDROUS AMMONIA is a hygroscopic compound, meaning that it takes up water from the nearest source, which can include the human body—especially the eyes, lungs, and skin because of their high moisture content. 79 0 obj SAFETY DATA SHEET GHS product identifier Other means of identification Product type Section 1. In the event of an exposure emergency, the most important resource is an ample supply of clean water to begin flushing the eyes and skin. Protective measures are needed to ensure the safety of those working with NH3 and any people who live, work, or otherwise are near NH3. <> Searching for Anhydrous Ammonia Safety products? (2012) Farm and Ranch eXtension in Safety and Health (FReSH) Community of Practice. (2002) Ohio State University Extension. Anhydrous ammonia is transported under pressure as a liquid, so all equipment used for transport must be designed for use under high pressure to avoid ruptures or breaks. Anhydrous Ammonia Safety Since we've been discussing the use of anhydrous ammonia in the cleaning industry, as a fertilizer additive, and in manufacturing, let's … (Source: Pennsylvania State University. • Anhydrous ammonia is: –classified as a dangerous good Class 2.3(8) and is a toxic inhalation hazard (TIH); –regulated by Transport Canada under the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act and Regulations (TDGR) Despite all safety measures, loss of containment can occur as happened in the incident in Potchefstroom, South Africa, in 1973 where a horizontal cylindrical tank released 38 metric tons of anhydrous ammonia. Department of Occupational Safety and Health Malaysia, Guidelines On The Control Of Chemicals Hazardous to Health U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Occupational Safety and While Ammonia’s distinctive smell makes it relatively easy to initially identify, accurate calibration is needed to ensure life safety. Retrieved from http://nasdonline.org/1731/d001719/safe-handling-of-anhydrous-ammonia-nh…. Remove contaminated clothing unless the clothing is frozen to the victim’s skin. A self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and protective clothing are necessary to remove a person from a continuous stream. http://www.safetyvideos.com/Anhydrous_Ammonia_Safety_Training_Video_p/hz0802.htm This video details the hazardous associated with anhydrous ammonia. Ammonia is considered a high health hazard because it is corrosive to the skin, eyes, and lungs. �� � } !1AQa"q2���#B��R��$3br� National Land-Grant Research and Extension Agenda for Agricultural Safety and Health: National Agenda for Action, Recursos en Español sobre Seguridad y Salud Agrícola, A Guide to Teaching Safe Tractor Operation, http://www.extension.org/pages/63196/anhydrous-ammonia-safety, https://store.extension.iastate.edu/ItemDetail.aspx?ProductID=4989, http://nasdonline.org/1731/d001719/safe-handling-of-anhydrous-ammonia-nh…, http://nasdonline.org/1794/d001750/towing-anhydrous-ammonia-tanks.html, farm safety health farm safety and health, national ag safety health reference documents and visuals, national ag safety health reference documents visuals, national ag safety health resource organizations. (2002) Ohio State University Extension Agricultural Tailgate Safety Training. The concentration in fertilizer is approximately 1,000,000 ppm, but even brief exposure to a concentration of 2,500 to 6,500 ppm can result in death. 14 Upon catastrophic rupture of a tank and release, the ammonia will be spilled partly as vapor and partly as a boiling liquid, which will spread over the ground whilst evaporating. %PDF-1.7 This six-part course is designed for emergency responders in communities where anhydrous ammonia is manufactured, stored, or shipped. Grainger's got your back. ammonia detector ammonia monitor ammonia gas detectors “As liquid One cubic foot of anhydrous ammonia in a liquid state pro-duces 855 cubic Anhydrous ammonia – used in manufacturing, refrigeration and agriculture – is a pungent, colorless and toxic gas or liquid that, when concentrated, is corrosive to human tissue upon contact, according to NIOSH. When vapors or liquid come in contact with a person’s eyes, blindness may occur. A tractor can tow two tanks, but a truck can tow only one tank at a time. Anhydrous ammonia (NH3) is a nitrogen crop fertilizer that can cause severe chemical burns; frostbite to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract; and death. Inform the emergency medical responders about the type of incident so they can bring the proper equipment to the scene. Anhydrous ammonia – used in manufacturing, refrigeration and agriculture – is a pungent, colorless and toxic gas or liquid that, when concentrated, is corrosive to … Each person working with anhydrous ammonia should carry a 6 to 8 fl. Because contact lenses can trap the gas and become fused to the eye, it is recommended that individuals not wear contact lenses while working with anhydrous ammonia. Anhydrous ammonia is a liquid when compressed or cooled. Anhydrous means "without water." : 302 4/17 Symptoms/injuries after ingestion : Ingestion is an unlikely route of exposure for a gas. Preventing Ammonia Burns and How to Treat Them, Michigan State … Workers in all industries should know that, despite its common usage, ammonia : 7664 – 41 - 7 ... As discussed above, should be near, but outside of ammonia area. Do not use dented or damaged tanks until they have been checked by an authorized inspector and necessary repairs are completed. Anhydrous Ammonia is a chemical compound that is classified as toxic, dangerous for the environment, flammable (in gas form), and can be explosive when mixed with air. It is essential that all workers who use anhydrous ammonia wear the appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), be equipped with necessary response supplies, and know how to respond in an emergency. Seek medical attention immediately and inform medical staff of the exposure to anhydrous ammonia so that they will not treat the wounds with oils or ointments that can intensify the damage. Iowa State University Extension and Outreach. NH3 is a clear, colorless gas and has a very characteristic odor. When anhydrous ammonia comes in contact with human tissue it is extremely destructive and can cause severe chemical burns. �� � w !1AQaq"2�B���� #3R�br� This work is supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, New Technologies for Ag Extension project. Nonrubber gloves made of ammonia-proof material are acceptable. The hydrostatic relief valve should be replaced every five years. When filling your anhydrous ammonia tank, do not fill it more than 85% full, and always disconnect the fill hose before moving the tank. 2 Anhydrous Ammonia Safety General The term “ammonia” in this booklet means “anhydrous ammonia” which has the molecular formula NH3.Ammonia is formed by the combination of nitrogen and hydrogen at high temperature and Anhydrous ammonia is caustic, corrosive, and damaging to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts the human body. Experts from around the world will discuss the latest advances related to the safe production and use of ammonia, case studies Training module: Towing anhydrous ammonia tanks. If you use a vehicle to transport anhydrous ammonia, you must carry a 5 gal. Anhydrous ammonia inhalation incidents are typically severe because the victim’s throat can swell shut, causing suffocation. Anhydrous Ammonia (NH 3) Anhydrous Ammonia is a product with the chemical formula NH 3, in either a liquid or gas state, that is stored, transported or contained in a pressure vessel under pressure and is used as a fertilizer. Anhydrous Ammonia: Safety & the Farmer - TDG Certification Successful trainees receive: TDG (Transportation of Dangerous Goods) certificate valid for three (3) years from the date signed confirming that they are qualified to transport and handle anhydrous ammonia (Class 2.3 (8)) in a farm setting. oz. If exposed to NH 3-- immediately flush the exposed body area(s) with water for at Although clean water is the ideal resource for flushing exposed areas of the body, if you do not have water available, other nontoxic liquids, such as cold coffee or orange juice, can be used. Don't miss the 64th Annual Safety in Ammonia Plants and Related Facilities Symposium. John Nowatzki, NDSU Extension agricultural machine systems … ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SAFETY Anhydrous means "without water."' Because NH3 contains no water, it is attracted to any form of moist ���� JFIF ` ` �� C �� C�� ~�" �� When exposed to humans or animals, it can be suffocating in sufficient concentration, and can cause serious medical problems even at relatively low concentrations. Exposure to 300 parts per million (ppm) is immediately dangerous to life and health. Anhydrous ammonia safety. However, anhydrous ammonia is toxic and explosive, so pressure containers are required for transport and storage. Incidents can occur when anhydrous ammonia escapes from transfer hoses or valves, equipment malfunctions and sprays anhydrous ammonia in multiple directions, hoses pull apart during transportation or application, and so on. Retrieved from http://nasdonline.org/1794/d001750/towing-anhydrous-ammonia-tanks.html. Anhydrous Ammonia Safety Training The Fertilizer Institute in partnership with TRANSCAER SM created anhydrous ammonia safety training videos and documents. Paint the tank with reflective white paint to decrease excessive pressure buildup that can occur when the tank is heated from direct sunlight. The first-response treatment for anhydrous ammonia exposure is to flush the exposed area (skin, nose, throat, eyes, and so on) with clean water for a minimum of 15 minutes. Anhydrous ammonia is a strong alkali that, when dissolved in water, readily reacts with copper, zinc, brass, and other alloys. %���� endobj The human body is 50 to 75 percent water including skin, eyes, nose, throat and lungs. This material is subject to Process Safety Management requirements of 29 CFR 1910.119 if maintained on-site, including storage / process, in quantities of 10,000 pounds (ammonia, anhydrous) or greater. Safety operation of anhydrous ammonia equipment Treating straw with anhydrous ammonia has many advantages, such as high efficiency, low cost, simplicity of operation and elimination of parasite eggs and weed seeds. ��(�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� L� ���?_�� ���]��_��ׄ]�|h�-�.�'�Mo�WW��� vU����/�&��Y�%X'y"YQdT���=� �����W�?�:�?� 憿b���. Anhydrous ammonia is used as a refrigerant in many industrial facilities, including food processing plants. Remember to bleed pressurized anhydrous ammonia from the hose before connecting or disconnecting the hose. Typically, anhydrous ammonia is stored under pressure, but it vaporizes to a colorless gas. %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� While NH 3 is dangerous, anhydrous ammonia also has countless uses relating to the medicinal field, functions as a cleaning agent when diluted, is commonly used as a fertilizer, and in some cases is stolen to illegally produce methamphetamine. Identification::: Chemical name :ammonia Supplier's details : Ammonia Product use It’s a highly hazardous chemical gas that is both toxic and flammable. Anhydrous ammonia (NH3) is a nitrogen crop fertilizer that can cause severe injury and even death. squeeze bottle of water at all times for rapid response to an emergency. Therefore, real-time monitors are necessary to allow continuous determination of the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) necessary to provide proper protection from ammonia. The odor of NH3 is the strongest safety feature of the chemical. Eye-wash and safety-shower should be available in immediate vicinity. The transfer hose should be replaced five years from the date of manufacture. Note that these guidelines are not comprehensive, and all individuals working with anhydrous ammonia should receive training in the proper response to exposure emergencies. Safety. Therefore, the only types of containers, fittings, and piping that should come in contact with anhydrous ammonia should be nongalvanized steel or iron. Anhydrous Ammonia MSDS. Safety Data Sheet Anhydrous ammonia Issue date: 05/11/2010 Supersedes: Revision date: 17/07/2020 Version: 3.0 SDS reference: SDS-002-CLP Air Liquide UK Ltd. Station Road Coleshill B46 1JY Birmingham United Ammonia, Anhydrous Safety Data Sheet 302 08/31/2017 EN (English) SDS Ref. Doss, H.J., 1998. Regulations and codes regarding towing of anhydrous ammonia and signage may vary, so be familiar with and obey the regulations in your state. Ammonia can be mixed with water and sold as ammonium hydroxide, or used in compressed gas as anhydrous ammonia (meaning without water). Ammonia is also flammable at concentrations Personal Protective Equipment Employees who work regularly with anhydrous ammonia and are subject to overexposure either to the liquid or the vapor should be provided with proper safety equipment. Anhydrous ammonia safety 1. Training module: Safe handling of anhydrous ammonia (NH3). Anhydrous Ammonia Safety, 1990. Typically, anhydrous ammonia is stored … Ammonia ammonia; anhydrous ammonia Gas. It is stored under pressure to prevent vaporiza-tion so a large volume can be available for use. Do not store other materials, such as propane or liquefied petroleum gas, in a tank that has been used to store anhydrous ammonia. It has a unique odor that can be detected at a low concentration of 5 ppm. Iowa Fertilizer and Chemical Association. Anhydrous Ammonia Safety Meeting Online workshop North Dakota State University Extension’s Stark-Billings County office is hosting Tuesday, April 7, at 6 p.m. Mountain time. When vapors or liquid come in contact with a person’s eyes, blindness may occur. Easy online ordering for the ones who get it done along with 24/7 customer service, free technical support & more. [29 CFR 1910.120(g)(3), 29 CFR 1910.132] <>stream Anhydrous Ammonia Keys to maintaining Anhydrous Safety 2. Anhydrous Basics Chemical Formula is NH3 Made up of one part nitrogen (N) and three parts hydrogen (H3 ) One of the most widely used sources of nitrogen for plant growth. PPE should include ventless goggles or a full-face shield, rubber gloves with long cuffs that can be rolled to catch drips, and a long-sleeved shirt. Anhydrous ammonia inhalation incidents are typically severe because the victim’s throat can swell shut, causing suffocation. Ammonia can be mixed with water and sold as ammonium hydroxide, or used in compressed gas as anhydrous ammonia (meaning without water). • Anhydrous ammonia is an important nitrogen fertilizer used by farmers primarily in Western Canada. Anhydrous Ammonia Nurse Tank Safety The most commonly-used nitrogen fertilizer source in North Dakota, anhydrous ammonia plays a vital role in the production of high-quality food and feed. A Department of Transportation (DOT) placard number 1005 for nonflammable gas should be placed on the front, back, and sides of the tank. Agricultural Safety and Health). When transporting anhydrous ammonia, be sure to adhere to the following precautions and safety rules: Schwab, C., Hanna, M., & Miller, L. (2008) Anhydrous ammonia safety: Play it safe with anhydrous ammonia. Retrieved from https://store.extension.iastate.edu/ItemDetail.aspx?ProductID=4989. Because NH 3 CONTAINS NO WATER, it is attracted to any form of moisture. Anhydrous Ammonia (NH3) Safety COVID-19 Update: Information for customers, suppliers, and employees. Anhydrous ammonia (NH3) is a hazardous chemical and must be dealt with carefully. Retrieved from http://www.extension.org/pages/63196/anhydrous-ammonia-safety. It is important for all individuals working with this type of fertilizer to understand the potential risks, necessary safety precautions, and proper response in the event of accidental contact. If you find a person who is in a continuous stream of anhydrous ammonia, contact your local emergency service responders or 911. Transportation. 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