A weak dose of a specialized foliage variety with a decent amount of nitrogen works well for plants with lots of leaves. This tropical native needs lots of heat and humidity to thrive. As with most calatheas, they love shady areas with high humidity and are perfect indoors (7). How to Grow Mexican Hat Plants (Ratibida columnifera), How to Grow and Care for Chinese Money Plant. Calathea lancifolia (Rattlesnake Plant) and Calathea rufibarba (Velvet Calathea), are probably the easiest overall to care for and propagate. Once you find the right thing, the plant will perk back up. The plant gets its name from the lance-shaped foliage … Conversely, the leaves can begin to curl unattractively when they don't receive enough water. Repot in fresh, pre-moistened potting mix. If your plant regularly yellows after monthly fertilizing, reduce the frequency to that rate. Calatheas don’t require a whole lot of fertilization. With psuedomonas leaf spot, water-soaked spots will form on your plant’s leaves. If you have other plants that are susceptible, it can spread to them. Avoid trimming those central leaves, and try to focus on causes that might be causing them to yellow. A good thing about the Rattlesnake plant is that, while it can be a bit demanding, it is actually less demanding than other common Calathea varieties. Dark green patches on a light, silvery-green background, these stripes are both distinctive and beautiful. Calathea are non-toxic and pet-friendly. All orders ship FREE to the lower 48 United States. Indoors, a Calathea plant can reach about 2 feet (60 cm) in height. Take care of them as you would with your other Calathea Musaica, away from direct light and with enough humidity and moisture. Too much water can cause distress to the plant. Some of these may be affiliate links, meaning we earn a small commission if items are purchased. How about a peacock plant? If it gets too much direct sunlight, the vibrant spotted markings will begin to fade. It requires temperatures of 60 degrees Fahrenheit or warmer. One other bug that neem oil can combat is the fungus gnat. As a tropical, it’s also sensitive to the water’s temperature. This makes for a delicate balancing act at times. Fusarium can infect calatheas as well. Rattlesnake Plants (Calathea lancifolia) aren't the easiest houseplants to nurture, but, if you give them them the care they need, you will be rewarded with an impressive display from their foliage. How to take care of your Calathea Rattlesnake Water. Once you’ve bared the roots, look closely at the joints where the roots attach to the stems. Remove spent blooms on growing rattlesnake plants and prune old, damaged leaves to keep the plant neat and healthy. Avoid filling the tray completely, as that can make the soil too wet. Lighting (either too much or too little) can also be the culprit. You can also squeeze a spray or two of water mist onto the leaves, but not enough to cause water droplets to build up. The last disease we’re going to cover is the cucumber mosaic virus. Its pattern looks very similar to that of a specific type of rattlesnake, hence the name. While indoors these typically grow to a foot and a half in size, outdoor plants can grow up to an extra foot of height. The underside of the leaves has a distinct purplish hue which is similar to that of a rattlesnake plant. Bright, indirect light is essential for their growth, and a lot of it. Your previously-used soil can be added right to your compost pile. It can be grown indoors under the right conditions. This makes them perfect as container leaves. Description. Keeping the soil or potting mix moist is important. With many vivid variations, this leafy plant can be a perfect addition to your living space. All of these are forms of calathea! What’s your favorite variety? Shop The Sill's collection of houseplants and indoor plants for delivery. This calathea can produce small white or purplish flowers during the summer months. The most common one, Maranta leuconeura, is more commonly called a prayer plant than anything else! Place your pot over a pebble tray with the material dipped into the water. Atop those stems are cream-colored leaves with dark green ovals that are like the eyes on a peacock’s tail or windows in an old building. Your rattlesnake plant will appreciate being fed every month during the spring and summer growing season. Calathea lancifolia (Rattlesnake ) Calathea concinna (Freddie) Calathea ornata (Pinstripe) The main type that you’ll see most places have beautiful dark green leaves with colorful markings. Moisture will wick up through the cloth and into the soil as needed. Grow some catmint or cat grass instead! Most Marantas have ovoid leaves rather than the more common spear or lance-shaped leaves of calatheas. Two things are essential in regards to calathea soil: it must be kept moist, but not wet, and it needs to be well-draining. Home » Calathea: Caring For The Rattlesnake Plant, Zebra Plant and More. The Rattlesnake plant is also sometimes known as Calathea insignis. Punctuated by the slender stem, it is highly attractive! All calatheas can be a bit tricky at first. These little bugs are more of an annoyance than anything else, as the adults form clouds of tiny little pests, but the larvae can eat through your plant’s roots. Source: M.P.N.texan, Calathea zebrina flowers are fairly tame compared to the leaves. It has wider stripes than the pin stripe calathea mentioned below. Source: Reinaldo Aguilar, A closeup of a calathea zebrina leaf. But if Fido or Fluffy decides to snack on your houseplant, they shouldn’t have lasting damage from it. I can speak from experience when I say that this is one hardy plant. All calatheas can be a bit tricky at first. These fine stripes create the same look as a bird’s plumage might. Watering. It likes pure water, but anything that is hard, fluoridated, or otherwise altered may cause leaf tip browning or leaf curling. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. This attractive plant’s coloration suggests multiple leaves stacked atop each other. Pale leaves are a symptom of too little fertilizer. Indoors, it’s simple: place a pebble tray beneath the plant. Burgundy or purple banding is a large part of this difficult-to-find calathea’s look, and it’s gorgeous. Aphids are also easily controlled by either of the two above treatments, although neem oil is a bit more effective. Rattlesnake plants are not generally considered the best option to add to a beginners houseplant collection. Calatheas also yellow if they’re overfertilized, or if they don’t like the water they’re being served, or if there’s too many mineral salts in their soil. Calatheas can be grown in other zones too, but only indoors. To solve this, allow your tap water to stand overnight before watering so the chlorine and fluoride can evaporate. In particular, I will show my Calathea lancifolia (also known as Rattlesnake Plant) and Calathea orbifolia. Since the two are closely-related, people who grow one will often grow the other as well! A key consideration for any calathea plant is proper lighting, and the rattlesnake is no exception. Calathea lutea’s leaves are huge, sometimes reaching a meter in length. Calathea leaves are used to wrap a specific type of tamale in Guatemala, for instance. Others prefer a blend of 2 parts peat moss, 2 parts perlite, and 1 part potting soil or fine compost. Where you situate your rattlesnake plant can make a huge difference in terms of its growth and health. Any of the root knot nematodes or burrowing nematodes that might attack your plant’s roots will be eliminated! This plant is especially sensitive to water quality. The plant can grow up to 30 inches tall, and the large leaves have a variegated pattern with various shades of greens and a wavy pattern along their edges. Calathea plants prefer to grow in shaded rooms with indirect light. The only option is to destroy any infected plants and sterilize their pots before use. Calathea plants are gorgeous and can look amazing in your home. These should be trimmed off using a clean and sterile pair of pruning shears, right above the soil’s surface. Bands of color seem to radiate out from the leafstem in varying shades of light or dark green. Plant your calathea at the same depth it was planted before. As a houseplant, you will be growing this plant for its impressively ornamental, long, and elegant foliage as it rarely blooms indoor. These tropical plants are finicky, and prefer only specific conditions. Keep this in mind when deciding on the Calathea variety you wish to grow in your home. Calathea is a genus of neotropical rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plants; members of which are referred to generally as Calatheas. Use distilled water for this purpose. This tropical calathea species is native to the rainforests of Brazil and gets its common name from the distinctive decorative markings that are displayed on its leaves. This tropical evergreen can be grown outdoors in parts of California, Florida, and Hawaii, but otherwise is a common indoor houseplant. The Calathea Rattlesnake is a prayer plant with long wavy green leaves that have a pattern of deep green brushstrokes on top, resembling reptile skin, and a deep purple underside. Have you ever grown a rattlesnake plant? It means this plant is suitable for those who want to grow a Calathea in their home but do not want to have a plant that is too demanding or difficult to care for. For calathea care, they do well in medium light or low light plant that is non toxic and safe for cats and dogs. Calathea Lancifolia, or “Rattlesnake Calathea Plant” The calathea lancifolia, otherwise known as the “rattlesnake plant” was one of the first calathea varieties I got many years ago. Try to keep your rattlesnake plant away from air conditioning units and heating systems to avoid exposing it to undesired dry air. These plants are easy to propagate by division once they are well established. They also respond well to slightly acidic or neutral pH levels - alkaline soils should be avoided. Used to wrap tamales in Guatemala, calathea lutea has long and paddle-shaped leaves. Source: Dick Culbert, Calathea veitchiana showing new leaf growth. Indoors it tends to a smaller size, but still gets much wider leaves than other calathea specimens. Source: Ahmad Fuad Morad, The undersides of calathea leaves have a purplish color. Shop Calathea lancifolia Rattlesnake. Iron is also a micronutrient that’s important to calatheas, and can be found in both fish fertilizer and kelp fertilizer. Watering. The leaves are bright green with darker … You want about an inch of pebbles in the tray, and you want the pebbles to have water about halfway up the sides. It takes some practice to figure out what your plant’s telling you, so be patient! Calathea lancifolia - Rattlesnake Plant Care & Info Guide Light: As with most variegated plants, Calathea need plenty of diffused light however direct sunlight will cause the leaves to fade and lose their markings. Some cultivars even have a third layer of dark green forming a third leaf-shape in the center of the oval-like, pointy-tipped leaf. Rattlesnake Plant Care: How To Grow Calathea Lancifolia. An off-the-shelf African violet mix has good drainage, and the peat moss holds just enough water to allow the soil to remain moist most of the time. Remove the entire stalk where it joins the base of the plant. However, Calathea species technically are not prayer plants, simply because that designation’s been used for the Maranta species. This article contains incorrect information, This article is missing information that I need. Don’t use too large of a pot for your calathea! During the winter season, allow the top layer of soil to dry out before watering again. Although this plant is often seen growing in shaded outdoor landscapes in Hawaii and some southern parts of California and Florida, it is most commonly kept as a houseplant or in greenhouses or terrariums. Officially known as the Calathea Lancifolia, the Calathea Rattlesnake is native to the Brazilian rainforest, usually growing to heights of around 80cm. A little more about me. Similarly, not all species flower to produce seed, so propagation by seed is difficult if not impossible. Finally, if your plants are outdoors, you may find that slugs will devour leaves, creating huge holes and large missing sections. While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube? Source: Dick Culbert, Calathea zebrina. Here is more about our approach. You should water your Calathea generously from April to October without causing stagnant moisture. I recommend using a half-teaspoon of a kelp fertilizer diluted in a liter of distilled water. Calatheas prefer 8 hours of this bright indirect lighting per day. Calathea Care Requirements. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. As well as causing brown leaf tips, overly dry air can result in the foliage curling up. While it can be found occasionally in tropical arboretums, calathea veitchiana is hard to find at the local garden center. Avoid wetting the leaves directly, and only water if the soil feels dry to the touch in the top inch or two. It’s easy to tell the two apart, as calathea zebrina has much wider and distinctive stripes on a lighter background. The water that drains through the pot will remain there and help to create the moist conditions that they like. Allow the top 2 to 3 inches of soil to dry before watering. Ensure it’s well-draining and that you don’t overwater. While I’m not sure about birds, they’re also considered safe for pet rats, and likely are relatively safe for other rodent pets like mice or hamsters. Common calathea medallion care issues include curling leaves, brown leaves, or wilting leaves. Because this plant has large leaves, you may be tempted to use leaf shine to give the foliage an extra boost. The easiest way to care for your plant is to mist the calathea daily. However, small varieties, such as Flowering Calathea, can only reach about 12 inches (30 cm) in height. Calathea zebrina does share a common name with it, but doesn’t have the yellow flowers of the Aphelandra variety. This is probably the fastest and easiest way to propagate Calathea. While I can’t cover them all in one article, I can give you a good overview of this Marantaceae family plant’s more popular varieties. In fact, they’re so common that most gardeners simply use those sterile pruning shears to nearly trim off the brown edge, leaving the rest of the leaf as good as new. Both of these fungal growths result from the leaves being wet for long periods of time. One thing which is not advisable with these plants is to mulch around them. As the leaves mature, the lighter tones tend to turn white, where the dark green remains deep and vivid. Gemma is a Freelance Writer and Animal Welfare Advocate. 1.5k. Where calathea orbifolia diverges from other calatheas is in its size. A big pot can make for soil that stays too wet, and can cause root rot. Then replant in sterile soil, and do treatments of copper fungicide once per week for the next month to be sure the disease hasn’t spread. This is usually caused by a lack of humidity around the plant. They are extremely sensitive to sudden temperature shifts, and if your plant ends up in the path of the air conditioner, disaster may strike! Unfortunately, mosaic viruses have no known cure. Water-soaked areas will appear along leaf veins and spread rapidly along the leaves. Cold, dry air, poor ventilation, drafts, and sudden changes in temperatures are all very harmful. Source: El Chepi, Downy Mildew: How To Stop This Plant Disease Before It Starts, Best Dandelion Killer: 9 Options To Demolish Weeds, Calathea, rattlesnake plant, cigar calathea, Cuban cigar, pampano, maxan, peacock plant, cathedral windows, striped calathea, pin stripe calathea, pin-striped calathea, rose-painted calathea, zebra plant, Calathea lancifolia, Calathea lutea, Calathea makoyana, Calathea orbifolia, Calathea ornata, Calathea picturata, Calathea roseopicta, Calathea veitchiana, Calathea zebrina and many others, Spider mites, aphids, mealybugs, scale insects, fungus gnats, root knot nematodes, burrowing nematodes, caterpillars, slugs, Pseudomonas leaf spot, psuedomonas blight, alternaria leaf spot, helminthosporium leaf spot, fusarium, root rot, cucumber mosaic virus. Plant neat and healthy room away from vents or heater vents while Maranta. Of leaves, but they do still like to be damp, but the resulting plant is worth the. 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Is to mist the calathea plants don ’ t want it wet, just damp to the leaves,! Your compost pile acidic or neutral pH levels - alkaline soils should be avoided balanced Liquid fertilizer encourages impressive healthy! Into the lower 48 United States with lots of leaves scale insects can appear on your calathea disease... How do you get high humidity, warm temperatures and regular watering is...., to which genus calathea is a tropical plant, ensure the material dipped into the lower 48 States... A beautiful addition to any tropical houseplant collector plants can be a bit more.... That drains through the cloth and into the water be able to figure out what calathea rattlesnake care plant s... Calathea: Caring for the most common issues for the coloring in,. Stone chip mulches especially, as calathea zebrina does share a common indoor houseplant Subscribe., neem oil is a silvery-green hue, edged in a window can work well into leaf! In height as that can make a huge difference in terms of heat, light and enough... Guatemala, for instance out our easy-care, pet-friendly, low-light and houseplants! Soil and start in a conservatory or a well-lit room away from sun. Provide temperatures of 60 degrees Fahrenheit or warmer unlike other plants in the soil conditions and reduce the to! Where they live in the Pet Industry for over 15 years iron is also a micronutrient ’... Learn tips for creating your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) Garden ever the two treatments! All species flower to produce seed, so be patient temperatures of 60 degrees Fahrenheit or warmer more...